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Jharkand Tribal Festivals

Jharkhand-festival The many tribal communities of Jharkhand celebrate various festivals that reflect their socio-religious beliefs and highlight the uniqueness of their culture. The main tribal festivals are : 

The festial of Sarhul is celebrated during the Spring Season when the Saal trees get new flowers. At such times, people sing and dance and worship the village deities regarded the protectors of the tribes. The deities are worshiped with saal flowers. The village priest keeps fasting for a couple of days.

Karam festival is held on the 11th day of the phases of moon in Bhadra month. This festival is celebrated to worship Karam devta--the god of power, youth and youthfulness. The groups of young villagers go to forest and collect wood, fruits and flowers which are needed during the Karam God’s worship. 

Tusu Parab or Makar
A harvest festival held during the winter in the last day of Poush month, Tusu also holds a great significance for the unmarried girls. Girls decorate a wooden/ bamboo frame with colored paper and then gift it to the nearby hilly river. Even though there do not exists a documented history on this festival, it has large collection of wonderful songs full of life and taste. These songs reflect tribal people’s simplicity and innocence.

Hal Punhya
A festival which begins with the fall of winter, Hal punhya symbolizes the beginning of ploughing. The farmers, to symbolize this auspicious morning, plough two and half circles of their agricultural land. This day is also regarded as a mark of good fortune.

Bhagta Parab
This festival that comes between the period of spring and summer, Bhagta Parab is celebrated to worship Budha Baba. People fast during the day. After worship in the evening, devotees take part in dynamic and vigorous Chhau Dance with much gymnastic actions and masks. The next day is full of ancient sports of bravery. This festival is more widespread in the Jharkhand’s Tamar region.

Maybe, the first festival of Jharkhand, this festival signals the start of sowing seeds in the field. Farmers start sowing seeds from this day. However, there is no dance or song like other tribal festivals only a few rituals. Some other festivals, like Rajsawala Ambavati and Chitgomha, are also celebrated with Rohini.

A festival mainly for the animals, Bandana is one of the most popular festivals celebrated during the black moon of month of Kartik (Kartik Aamavashya). On the occasion, people wash, clean, paint, decorate and well feed their cows, bulls and other domestic animals. 

Jani-Shikaar is held once every 12 years. On the occasion, the womenfolk wear menswear and go for hunting in forest.